The word ‘Pharmacology’ has its roots in Greek and stands for the study of drugs (pharmacon = poison/drug and logia = the study of). A drug is a substance generally used as a medicine or for diagnosis, or for prevention of a disease or for its physiological and behavioral effects. It can be “man-made”, endogenous (within the body), or naturally occurring.
Pharmacology in a classic sense can be divided into two broad areas- pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Pharmacokinetics is the study of how our body processes drugs, including their absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion; and pharmacodynamics is the study of the effects of the drug on biological systems at molecular and physiological levels, and includes the mechanism of a drug’s action, side effects, and interactions with other drugs or endogenous substances . Therapeutics, is the application of the principles of pharmacology to the treatment of disease and patient care.
The Medical Pharmacology course is taught to second- year medical students, and spans the entire academic year. This team- taught course is lecture-based, with team-based learning sessions. Although course doesn’t or cannot to cover every existing drug, students are introduced to all major classes of drugs, clinical uses, underlying pharmacokinetic principles, mechanism of action, metabolism, and side effects. Students have access to all the necessary teaching material through their black board accounts.